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Aaron Marcavitch, Introduction to American Folklore

Home Page

Background and History

Types of Folklore

Conclusions Reached





* Denotes item quoted in report


* Bennett, Lola (1990) The Company Towns of the Rockhill Iron and Coal Company: Robertsdale and Woodvale, Pennsylvania. Washington D.C.: HABS/HAER, National Park Service.

Deals with Anthricite Mining and their company towns near the East Broad Top part of Pennsylvania.

* Brestensky, Dennis F. Ed. (1991) The Early Coal Miner; Conference Proceedings April 13-14, 1989 PennState Fayette Campus Uniontown, Pennsylvania. Connellsville, Pa: Connellsville Printing Company.

Excellent source for bituminous information. This information that I used was on the celebrations that miners and patch people used.

* Brestensky, Dennis F. et. al. (1977) Patch/Work Voices; The culture and lore of a mining people. State College, Pa: Pennsylvania State University.

Again another excellent source. This one delt with some of the beliefs and was the basis for much of the survey I created.

Coode, Thomas. (1986) Bugdust and Blackdamp: Life and Work in the Old Coal Patch. Uniontown, PA: Comart Press.

A good book that cronicles some of the people in the patches. It is a good read and provides some interesting insights.

Mulrooney, Margaret. (1989) A Legacy of Coal: The Coal Company Towns of Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington D.C.: HABS/HAER, National Park Service.

Paul, Wolfgang. (1970) Mining Lore. Portland, Oregon: Morris Printing Company.

* Salitrick, Bobby G. & Patch/Work Voices Coal and Coke Project. (1994) Coal Mines, Coke Yards, Families of the Patch. Dunbar, Pa: Stefano's Printing.

This book is a childern's book designed to show them some of the folklore involved in coal mining. It is partially a coloring book and partially text about some of the folk lore. I used the section on animals in this paper.

Sheppard, Muriel. (1947) Cloud by Day: The Story of Coal and Coke and People. Chapel Hill: Univeristy of North Carolina Press.

This book was part of Richard Marcavitch's collection and may not be in print. It is a good discription, not unlike the Coode book, of the patch life. But it does also go into the mining aspects of the job.


* Eiman, Pan. (1985) Legendary Saint Barbara still honored as the patron saint of mining. Mining Engineering, November 1985.

This article was a good one on Saint Barbera. It did not elaborate fully on why she was the patron saint of mining, but it did give a solid background on her life.

* Weston, Bruce Ed. (1981) Southwestern Pennsylvania: Daisytown. Number 1 (of 6)

This magazine styled booklet is filled with items related to Daisytown and its people. There are several discussions with towns people and also several articles on mining and life in general. It is also a fantastic item for photographs.


* The Brownsville Telegraph, Brownsville, Pa., March 31, 1986: Special Edition COAL. 96 pp.

Good item to find if possible. This was part of Richard Marcavitch's collection and was difficult to find. It is filled with articles on coal mining, its history, women, beliefs and most of the other information I covered in this report. A fantastic item that was designed to celebrate Mitchell Day.


* Burt, Roger. "Home page." Mining History Network. (July 9, 1997) (December 5, 1998)

This is the site to head to for the mining history listserv. It has some great resources such as a good bibliography. It is focused on international mining, but American mining material can be found under the section "North America."

* Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era. (1997) (December 5, 1998)

This site was home to some of the pictures I used and was also the location of a bit of the information. Though there is not much folklore it does have some excellent mining history.

* "Coal Education." The Kentucky Coal Council. (November 23, 1998 ) (December 5, 1998)

A good resource on the history of mining, although most of it is Kentucky oriented. It has a fantastic glossary, from which many of the terms in this glossary were taken.

* United Mine Workers. "History." United Mine Workers. (1997) (December 5, 1998)

This site has good info on the history of the United Mine workers. It is also a good location for photographs. I used the two drawings and the two pictures at the end of the text from the site.
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